Spatial Variability in the Convenience of Battery Electric Vehicle Routes Reliant on DC Fast Chargers

Authors: Joshua Starner*, Virginia Tech, Laurence Carstensen Jr. , Virginia Tech
Topics: Transportation Geography, Spatial Analysis & Modeling
Keywords: Electric Vehicle, Charging infrastructure, Transportation, Network Analysis
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Consumer interest in alternative fuel vehicles continues to grow while auto manufacturers work to introduce battery electric vehicle models more palatable to a larger number of consumers. Despite advancements within the battery electric vehicle market, the charging infrastructure remains fragmented by both geography and brand compatibility. There are currently over 2,600 DC fast charger locations open to the public in the U.S., less than 2.5% of the number of gasoline fuel stations available. According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, only 16% of the population are aware of charging locations along routes they regularly travel. Consumers that do not have the ability to charge at home or work, as well as those that wish to meet 100% of their travel needs with a single vehicle may be more likely to continue to purchase combustion engine vehicles until the U.S. DC Fast charging infrastructure becomes more evenly distributed. This work will identify spatial patterns in the discrepancy between routes available to combustion engine vehicles and those currently supported by the DC Fast charging infrastructure. The results from this study will support the development of a consumer-oriented model for the optimal placement of future battery electric vehicle charging locations.

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