The Increased Geographic Range of Lyme Disease as a Function of Pesticide Resistance

Authors: Julie Grinstead*, SUNY - Binghamton
Topics: Biogeography, Medical and Health Geography, Land Use and Land Cover Change
Keywords: Lyme Disease, Pesticide, Resistance
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Lincoln 2, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Presentation File: Download

THE INCREASED GEOGRAPHIC RANGE OF LYME DISEASE AS A FUNCTION OF PESTICIDE RESISTANCE Abstract Although Lyme disease has been heavily researched, the bacteria continues to spread. Given the risk of Lyme disease to human health, the less than optimal treatments, and the escalating virulence, this health concern is growing into a crisis. Pesticide use aimed at arachnids, known as acaricides, have been used in agricultural and lawn applications across the U.S. Pesticide resistance has been documented in ticks in agricultural settings such as in cattle ticks and house flies. Statistical analysis of CDC data of the incidence of Lyme disease and USGS pesticide use data from 2010-2016 in New York state counties was performed using R programming. Acaricide use showed a statistically significant correlation with the incidence of Lyme disease in several counties over time. Maps created in ArcGIS further elucidate spatial patterns of the spread of Lyme disease as a function of acaricide use and resistance. Ticks have shown multi-resistance to acaricides and, given their widespread use in farming and lawns, this could have widespread implications for the increasing geographic range of Lyme disease as a function of acaricide-resistant ticks.

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