In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson gathered a group of scholars at the American Geographical Society headquarters in New York City to prepare comprehensive plans for the forthcoming peace conference to follow World War I. This group, called the Inquiry, compiled vast plans and thousands of maps for use in negotiating the peace. American geographers played a major role in both the planning for the peace and the later negotiations in 1919 in Paris, where Dr. Isaiah Bowman of the AGS helped shape the map of Europe that emerged from the Paris Peace Conference. 100 years later, the legacy of Paris remains in the form of many lasting borders, the eruption of later conflicts including World War II, the Yugoslav wars, and ongoing conflicts in the Middle East and on Europe's eastern fringe. The nation-state world which emerged from Paris has also reshaped the very nature of the state and the UN continues to struggle to live up to the mandate given initially to the League of Nations.
This session, hosted by the American Geographical Society, will analyze the legacy of World War I from the geographic perspective, both on broad theoretical themes that emerged in the World War I era and live on, as well as looking at specific changes to the world map from that era which continue to shape the geopolitical order and conflict today.
|Presenter||Wesley Reisser*, George Washington University, 100 Years After Paris - The Legacy of the American Inquiry and AGS||20|
|Presenter||Alexander Murphy*, University of Oregon, Nationalism, the Nation-State Ideal, and the Making of the Post-World War I Political Map||20|
|Presenter||George White*, South Dakota State University, The Paris Peace Conference a Hundred Years Later: An American’s Perspective Given to a Hungarian Community in Transylvania||20|
|Presenter||Sara Hughes*, University of Southern California, The Conceptual and Geopolitical Legacy of WWI’s “New World Order”||20|
|Discussant||Mona Domosh Dartmouth College||20|
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