Who adapts to environmental hazards, and why? The role of differential psychology in environmental vulnerability, resilience, and adaptation.

Type: Paper
Theme: Geography, GIScience and Health: Building an International Geospatial Health Research Network (IGHRN)
Sponsor Groups: Environmental Perception and Behavioral Geography Specialty Group, Human Dimensions of Global Change Specialty Group, Cultural and Political Ecology Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Madison A, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Organizers: Paul Chakalian
Chairs: Paul Chakalian

Description

Traditional scholarship on human adaptation to environmental hazards and climate change has primarily considered the structural drivers of inequality that generate differential capacity for adaptation. Broadly, this scholarship has spread between several intellectual domains including vulnerability and resilience theory, institutional and Social Ecological Systems (SES) frameworks, critical and environmental justice approaches, and technical/managerial studies. This session welcomes presentations from across these intellectual traditions.

Despite the breadth and complexity of socio-natural research, very little attention has been given to the psychological and emotional mechanisms which may contribute to observed differences in capacities, behaviors, and outcomes in the face of natural hazards. Several health models can provide lenses to investigate these relationships. Social and psychological determinants of health and the salutogenic model of health are two well suited examples. Surely, healthier individuals are better positioned to reduce negative environmental impacts in their lives, and these benefits likely compound cyclically over time.

Scholars have acknowledged the importance of psycho-emotional impacts from hazard experiences. However, many of these studies have focused on acute effects from extreme hazard experiences, e.g. psychological trauma, and less on chronic impacts from less severe events, e.g. on stress, wellbeing, or existential meaning. Furthermore, very few studies explore differences in psychological or emotional impacts across social groups (e.g. to consider equity), or analyze differences in psycho-emotional impacts based on differential psychology in the population before a hazard event (i.e. longitudinally).

This session invites empirical or conceptual talks that build on global change and hazards research to: (1) Consider psychological or emotional determinants of adaptive capacity or behavior. (2) Analyze differential psychological or emotional impacts between social groups exposed to similar hazards. (3) Propose new empirical methods or theoretical frameworks for understanding the pathways between structural social and political variables and individual psycho-emotional wellbeing in the face of natural hazard risks. Or (4) in any other way investigate the role of psychological or emotional health in broadly defined socio-natural hazards and climate change research.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Rebecca Nixon*, Purdue University, Zhao Ma, Purdue University , Bushra Khan, University of Peshawar, Linda Lee, Purdue University , Adaptation, transformation, and the associated trade-offs in river-based livelihoods in northern Pakistan 20 8:00 AM
Presenter Paul Chakalian*, Arizona State University, Risk Perception Paradox for Vulnerable Households During a Hypothetical Heat-Wave Power Failure Event 20 8:20 AM
Presenter Weifeng Li*, Department of Urban Planning and Design, The University of Hong Kong, Jing Song, University of Hong Kong, Jiansheng Wu, Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School, Planning for Resilient Cities: Human-environment Transaction Model for Understanding Individual Resilience to Urban Flooding 20 8:40 AM
Presenter Yonlonfoun Ebun*, Tai Solarin University of Education, Folashade Oderinde, Tai Solarin University of Education, Geography Department., Tolu Ogunleye, Tai Solarin University of Education, Department of Counseling Psychology, The Menace of Flooding: Implication for Health in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria. 20 9:00 AM

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