Dynamics and effectiveness of nature conservation in the Amazon

Type: Paper
Sponsor Groups:
Poster #:
Day: 4/6/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM (Eastern Standard Time)
Room: Roosevelt 5, Marriott, Exhibition Level
Organizers: Sébastien Costedoat, Rachel Golden Kroner
Chairs: Sébastien Costedoat


CFP AAG 2019 Paper session: Dynamics and effectiveness of nature conservation in the Amazon
Organizers: Sebastien Costedoat and Rachel Golden Kroner (Conservation International)

The Amazon is the largest remaining tropical forest in the world, safeguarding globally important cultural and biological diversity and mitigating climate change (Godar et al. 2014). To support and manage these resources, protected areas have often been the dominant type of forest conservation interventions. Nevertheless, protected areas have been shown to have limited impact when development interests force them to locations with lower deforestation pressure (Pfaff et al. 2015). Besides, protected areas are subject to widespread tempering, reduction, or removal of protection [i.e., PA downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD)] which potentially further undermine their effectiveness (Tesfaw et al. 2018). Since the last decade, other types of conservation interventions have also been implemented or consolidated such as reforms of individual and collective property rights, payments for ecosystem services, eco-certification and commodity moratoria (Lambin et al. 2014; Nolte et al. 2017).
Greater data availability and rigorous impact evaluation methodology have enabled the emergence of evidence on the conditions under which specific interventions can have an impact on intended and/or unintended outcomes (Miteva, Pattanayak, and Ferraro 2012; Börner et al. 2016). However, we do not have an empirical base solid enough to recommend adaptive management policy processes and policy interactions catalyzing an optimal temporal and spatial allocation of conservation interventions (Law et al. 2017; Pressey, Weeks, and Gurney 2017).

We welcome papers that help to fill that evidence gap in the nine countries and territories of the Amazon basin, notably through the use of evidence characterizing synergies and trade-offs between various conservation interventions. We are particularly interested in papers relying on causal inference techniques such as rigorous impact evaluation or state-of-the-art modeling tools, and/or using evidence characterizing spatial and temporal heterogeneity in confounders and outcomes of nature conservation.

If you are interested in joining our session, please send a 250-word paper abstract or expression of interest to scostedoat@conservation.org by October 22. Accepted participants will need to register for the conference by October 25 to be included in the session.

Börner, Jan, Kathy Baylis, Esteve Corbera, Driss Ezzine-de-Blas, Paul J. Ferraro, Jordi Honey-Rosés, Renaud Lapeyre, U. Martin Persson, and Sven Wunder. 2016. “Emerging Evidence on the Effectiveness of Tropical Forest Conservation.” PloS One 11 (11): e0159152.
Godar, Javier, Toby A. Gardner, E. Jorge Tizado, and Pablo Pacheco. 2014. “Actor-Specific Contributions to the Deforestation Slowdown in the Brazilian Amazon.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (43): 15591–96. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1322825111.
Lambin, Eric F., Patrick Meyfroidt, Ximena Rueda, Allen Blackman, Jan Börner, Paolo Omar Cerutti, Thomas Dietsch, et al. 2014. “Effectiveness and Synergies of Policy Instruments for Land Use Governance in Tropical Regions.” Global Environmental Change 28 (1): 129–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.06.007.
Law, Elizabeth A., Paul J. Ferraro, Peter Arcese, Brett A. Bryan, Katrina Davis, Ascelin Gordon, Matthew H. Holden, et al. 2017. “Projecting the Performance of Conservation Interventions.” Biological Conservation 215 (November): 142–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.08.029.
Miteva, Daniela A., Subhrendu K. Pattanayak, and Paul J. Ferraro. 2012. “Evaluation of Biodiversity Policy Instruments: What Works and What Doesn’t?” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 28 (1): 69–92. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxrep/grs009.
Nolte, Christoph, Yann Le Polain de Waroux, J Munger, Tiago Reis, and Eric F Lambin. 2017. “Conditions Influencing the Adoption of Effective Anti-Deforestation Policies in South America’s Commodity Frontiers.” Global Environmental Change 43 (March): 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.01.001.
Pfaff, Alexander, Juan Robalino, Diego Herrera, and Catalina Sandoval. 2015. “Protected Areas’ Impacts on Brazilian Amazon Deforestation: Examining Conservation – Development Interactions to Inform Planning.” PLOS ONE 10 (7): e0129460. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0129460.
Pressey, Robert L., Rebecca Weeks, and Georgina G. Gurney. 2017. “From Displacement Activities to Evidence-Informed Decisions in Conservation.” Biological Conservation 212 (August): 337–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.06.009.
Tesfaw, Anteneh T., Alexander Pfaff, Rachel E. Golden Kroner, Siyu Qin, Rodrigo Medeiros, and Michael B. Mascia. 2018. “Land-Use and Land-Cover Change Shape the Sustainability and Impacts of Protected Areas.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, February, 201716462. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1716462115.


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Nigel Asquith, Cuencas Sustentables, Edwin Pynegar, Bangor University and University of Sussex, Emma Wiik, Bangor University, Tara Grillos, Purdue University, Julia P.G. Jones, Bangor University, Tito Vidaurre, Fundación Natura Bolivia, Zhao Ma, Purdue University, Brooke McWherter*, Purdue University, Confessions of an RCT: how evaluation theory met complex realities in one of the first large-scale Randomized Control Trials of a conservation intervention 20 1:10 PM
Presenter Diego Herrera*, Environmental Defense Fund, Alexander Pfaff, Duke University, Juan Robalino, Universidad de Costa Rica, Brazilian Amazon Protected Areas’ Spillovers and Two Critical Underlying Mechanisms 20 1:30 PM
Presenter Philippe Rufin, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Geography Department, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Florian Gollnow*, University of Maryland - College Park, Ledicia de Barros Vianna Hissa, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Geography Department, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Tobia Lakes, Humboldt-Universitaet zu Berlin, Geography Department, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin, Analyzing deforestation leakage following the implementation of the Soy Moratorium in Mato Grosso, Brazil 20 1:50 PM
Presenter Rachel E. Golden Kroner*, George Mason University - Fairfax, VA, Conservation International, Siyu Qin, Humboldt University of Berlin, Yifan He, Conservation International, Alex Pfaff, Duke University, David Luther, George Mason University, Chris Kennedy, George Mason University, Thomas E. Lovejoy, George Mason University, Michael B. Mascia, Conservation International, Dynamic conservation: protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) in Amazonia 20 2:10 PM
Presenter Sébastien Costedoat*, Conservation International, Laura Villalobos, Inter-American Development Bank, Michael Mascia, Conservation International, The environmental and social outcomes of Bolsa Verde governmental cash transfers in Brazil 20 2:30 PM

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