The Role of Urban Resilience, Climate Change Adaptation, and Sustainability Planning in Disaster Risk Reduction: Session #2

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Urban Geography Specialty Group, Human Dimensions of Global Change Specialty Group, Regional Development and Planning Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM (Eastern Standard Time)
Room: Cleveland 1, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Organizers: Philip Gilbertson, Sara Meerow
Chairs: Philip Gilbertson

Call for Submissions

*** Note: This is the second session offered on this topic. While abstracts are due to AAG by 25 Oct, we've extended the deadline for adding participants to this session until 1 Nov. Please contact Philip Gilbertson (pggilber@asu.edu) as soon as possible if you are interested in joining this session. ***


Over the last three decades, the number of billion-dollar disasters affecting the U.S. has steadily increased annually (Smith & Katz, 2013); 2017 being the most costly year on record (NOAA, 2018). Costs continue to rise in large part due to a lack of coordination among decision makers and continued development in hazardous areas.


Hazard mitigation has traditionally been isolated from land use, development, and other decision-making processes (Berke, Song, & Stevens, 2009). Given this separation, community policies and plans may end up increasing the number of people, homes, and infrastructure exposed to hazards. As a result, scholars, planning professionals, and hazard mitigation practitioners have emphasized coordination amongst planning and hazard mitigation activities (Ahern, 2011; Berke & Conroy, 2007; Lyles, Berke, & Smith, 2014; Schneider, R.O., 2002).


Cities across the country are increasingly engaged in resilience, sustainability, and climate change adaptation planning, all of which are supposed to cut across traditionally siloed departments and sectors. Despite this significant investment, if and how these planning efforts improve hazard mitigation remains an open question. There is a need to determine how these concepts are operationalized in individual cities, whether these planning efforts foster collaboration, if this integration reduces long-term hazard risks, and perhaps most importantly, for whom?


This session welcomes papers that address:


- Trends in urban planning or governance that may directly or indirectly increase or reduce disaster risk
- The extent to which resilience and sustainability have been integrated into hazard mitigation planning in urban environments
- Linkages (or lack thereof) amongst urban plans (e.g. comprehensive, land-use, hazard mitigation, disaster recovery, sustainability, resilience, etc.) to address hazard risks
- Differences in how the concepts of resilience and sustainability are operationalized to mitigate hazards
- Synergies and discords between the use of resilience, sustainability, or climate change adaptation plans to reduce disaster risks
- Spatial relationships amongst resilience or sustainability policies and hazard prone areas
- Disparities in who benefits from resilience, sustainability, or climate adaptation planning efforts
- Governance networks active in developing resilience or sustainability plans
- Influences of resilience, sustainability, and climate change adaptation planning on local, state, and federal hazard mitigation policies


If you are interested in joining this session please email your abstract to Philip Gilbertson (pggilber@asu.edu) prior to 31 Oct 2018. You will be notified no later than 1 Nov 18 if your abstract has been accepted. If your abstract is accepted you will need to email your pin to be officially added to the session.


References


Ahern, J. (2011). From fail-safe to safe-to-fail: Sustainability and resilience in the new urban world. Landscape and Urban Planning, 100(4), 341-343. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.02.021


Berke, P. & Conroy, M. (2000). Are we planning for sustainable development?. Journal of the American Planning Association, 66(1), 21-33.


Berke, P., Song, Y., & Stevens, M. (2009). Integrating hazard mitigation into new urban and conventional developments. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 28, 441-455.


Lyles, W., Berke, P., & Smith, G. (2014). Do planners matter? Examining factors driving incorporation of land use approaches into hazard mitigation plans, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(5), 792-811.


NOAA. (2018). U.S. Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters. Retrieved from https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/overview.


Schneider, R. O. (2002). Hazard mitigation and sustainable community development. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 11(2), 141-147. doi:10.1108/09653560210426821


Smith, A., & Katz, R. (2013). US billion-dollar weather and climate disasters: data sources, trends, accuracy and biases. Natural Hazards, 67(2), 387-410. doi:10.1007/s11069-013-0566-5


Description


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Elizabeth Yarina*, MIT, Miho Mazereeuw, MIT, Urban Risk Lab, Archipelagoes of Risk: Climate Adaptation and Hurricane Preparedness in US Island Territories 20 9:55 AM
Presenter Kristina Hill, University of California - Berkeley, Daniella Hirschfeld*, University of California - Berkeley, Ellen Plane, University of California - Berkeley, Adapting to sea level rise: Unique measures of physical pilot projects 20 10:15 AM
Presenter Heejun Chang*, Portland State University, Chang-yu Hong, Portland State University, Sam Markolf, Arizona State University, David Yu, Purdue University, Toward flood resilience cities: Lessons from four North American Cities 20 10:35 AM
Presenter Bokjin Roh*, The University of Arizona, Stakeholder engagement and collaboration in urban flood risk management: review of case studies 20 10:55 AM
Presenter Philip Gilbertson*, Arizona State University, Sara Meerow, Arizona State University, Evaluating the potential for urban resilience planning to mitigate long-term flood risks 20 11:15 AM

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