Urban Neighborhoods and Health Disparities

Type: Paper
Theme: Geography, GIScience and Health: Building an International Geospatial Health Research Network (IGHRN)
Sponsor Groups: Health and Medical Geography Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM (Eastern Standard Time)
Room: Madison B, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Organizers: Louisa Holmes
Chairs: Louisa Holmes

Call for Submissions

Urban neighborhood contexts are complex systems in which individual and communal resident characteristics and social and health behavior interact with built and natural environmental exposures, resources, amenities and structural barriers or opportunities to determine wellness and disease outcomes. This session brings together researchers who are interested in issues of socio-spatial disparity in health behaviors and disease outcomes. Examples of relevant topics include (but are not limited to):

- Place effects on disease etiology and progression at local levels
- Urban/local environmental injustice (housing, residential segregation, siting, etc.) and its impacts on health disparities
- Impacts of gentrification/displacement on community health
- Mental health implications of distressed urban environments
- Innovative spatial approaches to measuring "neighborhoods" and health disparities
- Urban planning opportunities to promote health/wellness


Description

Urban neighborhood contexts are complex systems in which individual and communal resident characteristics and social and health behavior interact with built and natural environmental exposures, resources, amenities and structural barriers or opportunities to determine wellness and disease outcomes. In particular, social determinants of health, such as residential segregation, affordable housing, crime, or alternatively, access to open space and collective efficacy, tend to operate at local levels and are especially concentrated in urban environments. This session therefore brings together researchers who are interested in issues of socio-spatial disparity in health behaviors and disease outcomes as manifested in urban neighborhoods.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Louisa Holmes*, University of California San Francisco, Perceived and observed neighborhood disorder and psychological distress among young adults 20 5:00 PM
Presenter Andres Hernandez*, University of Cincinnati, Ana L Hincapie, University of Cincinnati , Pamela C Heaton, University of Cincinnati, Neil J Mackinnon, University of Cincinnati, Jingjing Li, University of Cincinnati, Diego F Cuadros, University of Cincinnati, The opioid overdose crisis in the US: A spatially clustered growing epidemic 20 5:20 PM
Presenter Timothy Stone*, Michigan Technological University, Donald Lafreniere, Michigan Technological University, Exploring the Social Determinants of Health and Disease Outbreak Patterns in Children in Early Twentieth Century Calumet, MI 20 5:40 PM
Presenter Alan Delmerico*, Institute for Community Health Promotion, Trajectories in Adolescent Exposure to Risky Environments 20 6:00 PM

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