Parallel government, Urban developmentalism and Policy Integration: Integrating Industrial and Urban Policy in Hawassa, Ethiopia

Authors: Selamawit Robi*, University of Sheffield
Topics: Development, Urban and Regional Planning, Africa
Keywords: Industrial Parks Development; Policy integration; Spatial planning; Ethiopia
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/9/2020
Start / End Time: 4:55 PM / 6:10 PM
Room: Beverly, Sheraton, IM Pei Tower, Terrace Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Ethiopia is leading the way in the strategic use of export-oriented industrial parks to transform its economy and provide urban employment. However, a general lack of integration between Industrial and urban policy has resulted in a series of gaps in administrative action on key urban issues in host cities: the most critical being those in housing provision and infrastructure for the thousands of female migrant workers coming into the industrializing cities. The city of Hawassa is the first instance where these issues have started to emerge as it is home to the government’s first industrial park. Various institutions at different scales are employing different and uncoordinated territorial strategies to address the emerging housing and infrastructure gaps. The paper looks at the role of spatial planning as an integrative mechanism for the negotiation of tensions and trade-offs during the implementation of these conflicting objectives. Using the Ethiopian Industrial Parks Development Policy, it interrogates how cities have interacted with and determined the fate of these developmental interventions in the absence of policy integration and the employment of parallel government structures.

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