An examination of the clinical waste solid management practices adopted by health facilities in the Ketu South Municipality, Volta Region, Ghana

Authors: Ogunleye-Adetona Comfort*, Educational Institution, Mariwah Simon, University of Cape Coast, Ghana, Ali Mustapha, University of Cape Coast, Ghana
Topics: Geography and Urban Health, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters, Human-Environment Geography
Keywords: health hazards, environmental quality, clinical wastes, clinical waste-related injuries, healthcare facilities
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The healthcare facilities in Ketu South Municipality (KSM) are patronised daily by about 329 patience including locals and foreigners probably because it is close to an international boundary and therefore increased clinical wastes generation. The World Bank (2010) reported that about 25% of clinical wastes are infectious, however, the non-segregation and improper handling of the waste, especially in most developing countries Ghana inclusive, renders the whole clinical waste infectious. The KSM apparently has no engineered landfill despite its health implications particularly on waste handlers and the public. This prompted an examination of the clinical waste solid management practices by healthcare facilities in the KSM. Census method was used to select 135 healthcare workers from four healthcare facilities KSM. Relevant data were obtained through observation, questionnaires and interview guide. These data were then summarised using the descriptive statistics. The healthcare facilities in the Municipal generate about 87.92Kg clinical wastes daily which are then disposed off by the cleaners. Not only do the healthcare facilities not segregate the clinical waste, but dispose such in nearby bushes. A significant proportion of respondents have sustained clinical waste related injuries. Some of the challenges identified in clinical solid waste management the KSM include, ineffective public education, inadequate trained staffs. Government and other stakeholders should encourage an effective segregation of the clinical solid waste through the use of colour coding, effective clinical waste disposal in the KSM will be enhance, reduce the amount infectious wastes dumped into the environment and enhance the people’s quality of life.

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