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Crime analysis with urban built environment indices obtained from remote sensing - a case study in Chicago

Authors: Yue Wu*, Louisiana State University
Topics: Applied Geography, Remote Sensing, Land Use
Keywords: crime,nighttime light,built environment,GIS,remote sensing
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Human activities reflect the cities’ urban structure and built environment which covers the placement of major roads, bridges, tunnels and the mass transit lines, and the distribution of land uses can strongly determine the generators of crime. Environmental criminologist and urban designers tend to concentrate on the impacts of built environment on the spatial patterns of crime from many ways. The distribution and clustering of land uses plays an important role in crime analysis. However, much of the existing research describe the characteristics of land use mix by land use maps or parcel data, which are not available for all the cities in the world. This study will fill this gap by employing nighttime light as a new proxy of built environment which is correlated to built environment, urban structures and human activities. The objective of this study is to combine and compare the performance of land use mix and nighttime light on analyzing spatial patterns of crime risk in Chicago area.

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