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Environmental Health and Justice in Michigan: Environmental Investigation of Toxic Release Inventory Chemicals on Neighborhood Demographics and Adverse Birth Outcomes

Authors: Amanda Kreuze*, Michigan State University, Sue Grady, Michigan State University
Topics: Medical and Health Geography, Human-Environment Geography, Environment
Keywords: medical geography, maternal & infant health, environmental health, environmental justice, GIS
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The State of Michigan had 1,048 Toxic Release Inventory facilities operating between 2008-2017. Together these facilities emitted, transferred, and/or managed 186 reportable chemicals. Several of these are classified as known or possible carcinogens, teratogens, and/or neurotoxins. Geospatial technologies are used to conduct an environmental assessment to estimate Toxic Release Inventory emitted or transferred chemical concentrations within the study area. These estimates are used to identify areas experiencing environmental injustice. Additionally, these estimates are used to define maternal exposure at place of residence, during critical windows of pregnancy health. Multilevel modeling is used to estimate the effect of maternal industrial chemical exposure on adverse birth outcomes, including low birth weight, preterm birth and small for gestational age, controlling for potential individual-level confounding. The findings from this research will inform environmental regulatory and public health policies and health care practice in Michigan, for translation into other industrial cities in the United States and other countries experiencing rapid industrial-related economic growth.

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