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Assessing the Effects of Bus Stop Relocation on Street Robbery

Authors: Minxuan Lan*, University of Cincinnati, Lin Liu, University of Cincinnati, John Eck, University of Cincinnati, Emily Lei Kang, University of Cincinnati
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Quantitative Methods, Geographic Information Science and Systems
Keywords: Street robbery, Bus stop, Relocation, Addition, Removal, Cincinnati
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

A number of studies have revealed a correlation between bus stops and crimes, especially street robberies. However, few have looked into the impact of bus stop location changes on the distribution of street robberies. Will newly added bus stops attract more street robberies? Will the removal of existing bus stops reduce street robberies? By assessing the change of street robberies in relation to the spatial change of bus stops of Cincinnati, OH, with the consideration of the controls from socioeconomic characteristics, point of interests (POI) and spatial heterogeneity, this study uses before-and-after comparisons and the difference-in-differences (DID) analysis in the context of quasi-experiment to answer these questions. This study assesses not only the influences of the relocation of bus stops, but also the influence on street robberies of the time elapsed from the addition or removal of bus stops. Results suggest that, on average, adding bus stops to a new location significantly increases street robberies in the areas surrounding the stops. The longer the time from the addition of a new bus stop, the more the street robberies in its surrounding areas. Removing all bus stops from a location decreases street robberies in the areas nearby; however, this influence is not statistically significant. There are multiple studies exploring the static relationship between the bus stop and street robbery, but none looked into their dynamic relationship. This study represents the first attempt to do so. Its findings add new evidence to the theories of crime geography.

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