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Revolution of Urban Land Use Planning and The Modernization of Territorial Governance System and Capabilities in China

Authors: Jian Lin, Peking University, Bing Zhao*, , Shiyi Liu, Peking University
Topics: Land Use, Urban and Regional Planning, China
Keywords: Urban Land Use Planning, Land Management System, China
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Land management system influences the development philosophy and implementation of planning. In China, there are diverse plans of urban land use managed by multiple agencies. In the early years after the foundation of the PRC, land was allocated by plans with no charge. After the Reform and Opening-Up, paid use of land and land market was introduced, followed up by the establishment of a diverse land use planning system including territorial planning, urban and rural planning and land use planning. Recently, exploration of building a unified territorial/spatial planning system is undergoing since the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee. The evolution of planning manifests the modernization of state governance system, from direct control of land by the state, to the decentralized management of development rights under the separation of land ownership and use rights, to the central-local two layer management of land development rights in the context of protecting resources and environment, all the way to the unified management of land development rights under the Ecological Civilization. On the basis of reviewing the evolution of urban land use planning in the past 70 years, this paper explores the land management system reforms with Chinese characteristics and their impacts on urban land use planning. It explains the evolution path of urban land use planning, and interprets the transition of planning focus from construction management to asset management to resource management and to ecology management, as well as the function overlapping of corresponding planning.

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