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Current status and issues of disaster recovery ~Comparing Nepal and Japan~

Authors: Kenji Yamazaki*, Iwate University
Topics: Asia
Keywords: reconstruction housing, moving out, women, labor, community development
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

In Nepal, the Gorkha Earthquake occurred on April 15, 2015.  The survey was conducted on the Sahokot village in Palpa District, which is more than 180 km away from the epicenter.  In this village, 49 of the 53 houses are completely destroyed. As of February 2019, all households lived in their village. Of the 49 houses that have collapsed, 35 have rebuilt houses. The local government provides support for the rebuilding of the house. Since the payment is postpaid, 300,000 rupees must be prepared first. Therefore, there are many men who go abroad to earn money. However, in recent years, several new approaches to agriculture by women (fruit, vegetable, dairy farming) have been born and cash income can be obtained from them. This can be cited as a major factor in stopping out of the village.
On the other hand, Otsuchi Town lost 10% of its population due to the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011 due to the tsunami. In the center of the town, facilities and houses were wiped out and a land readjustment project was conducted. A "safe town" was prepared, protected by a 12m high dike. However, only 55% of the old residents were able to return to the original land from the evacuation area. Many of the residents who return are elderly. A town with no vacancy is spreading. Japan has become an aging society and its population is declining. In the reconstruction of the disaster area, you can see the leading edge.

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