Urban Green Space Availability in Muscat: How Much Greenery do we need in hot and hyper arid city?

Authors: Noura Alnasiri*,
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Urban Geography
Keywords: Oman; Muscat; Green space; provision
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2020
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Agate A/B, Hyatt Regency, Third Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

In 2018, Muscat encompasses around 1.4 Million-inhabitants, which represent around 30% of the total population of Oman. Muscat is a high-density city with 362 inhabitant per km2and characterized by a mixed land use pattern stretched over 60 km along a narrow coastal plain. The development of the green space is very restricted to the greenery of main roads with palm trees. The main goal of this article is to analyze different barriers restricting Urban Green Space (UGS) in Muscat. The analysis is intended to broaden the discussion on UGS provision in hot and hyper arid desert area. This study used the comparison of urban green space with the total population. Based on this methodology, the case study of Muscat illustrate the main barriers limiting UGS provision in desert area. Climate condition and water scarcity are very crucial in the insufficient of UGS provision in Muscat. The absence of green space strategies in the Muscat area, lack of policies and low awareness levels related to the importance of landscape and the surrounding built environment contribute to the current situation of green spaces supply in Muscat. In a hot and hyper arid desert settings like Muscat, that facing rapid urbanization and economic growth are challenging issues to reach the standard of 9 m2 per capita as suggested by the World Health Organization. However, this standard may require revisiting and refinement to match with hot and dry climatic conditions like Muscat based on the findings of this study.

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