Authors: Yassine Charabi*, Sultan Qaboos University
Topics: Hazards and Vulnerability, Global Change
Keywords: Oman; Climate Change; adaptation; Science policy interface
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Agate A/B, Hyatt Regency, Third Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Oman is considered one of the most vulnerable countries to extreme weather events, and climate change in Middle East countries. Climate change-related threats to Oman have increased in recent years, evidenced by changes in the number, duration, and intensity of tropical cyclones; record-breaking heat waves; and rising sea levels. These threats have led to deepening water scarcity; declining fishery productivity, lower crop yields, excessive pressure on urban infrastructure, and multiple public health risks. Oman is already subject to extreme climatic conditions that will likely become only extreme due to climate change. On June 26, 2018, the City of Qurayat in Oman had recorded the world’s hottest low temperature ever recorded: 42.6 C. Tropical Cyclone Gonu in 2007, which led to 50 deaths in Oman, plus over US$ 4 billion in property damage, was the best warning of the need for preparing for such extreme weather events.
This paper uses the experiment of co-formulation of Oman’s strategy for Adaptation and Mitigation to Climate Change to explain how opportunities were leveraged particularly relating to policy and capacity. The findings suggest strengthening the science-policy interface to facilitate the translation of climate scenarios to adaptation policies and better dealing with climate uncertainties. This paper also contributes to the recognition of the importance of understanding social and institutional opportunities when developing adaptation plans. The lack of research on social and institutional enablers or opportunities for climate adaptation results in a theoretical gap that should be addressed.