The Empowerment from the Mobility: the Research on the Returning Female Rural Migrant Workers’ Employment under the Perspective of Women Empowerment

Authors: Chao Yuan*, Sun Yat-sen University, Dong Zhang, Chongqing Technology and Business University
Topics: China, Women, Urban Geography
Keywords: rural revitalization; returning female rural migrant workers; women empowerment; employment
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2020
Start / End Time: 10:15 AM / 11:30 AM
Room: Silver, Sheraton, IM Pei Tower, Majestic Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This paper uses the 2018 Chinese Labor Dynamic Survey (CLDS) data to explore the impact of urban migrating experiences on the employment values, income and employment conditions of returning rural women from the perspective of woman empowerment theory. The regression model of returning home and employment shows that the non-agricultural employment proportion of returning female workers is significantly higher than that of rural women who have no working experiences, while the income and overall employment rate of returning females are lower than those of females who have not flowed. The research results presents the fact that the urban migrating experiences has changed rural women’s employment values to certain extent, which has increased the economic empowerment status of women. However, the development of immature industrial production system rural areas not only restricts returning women to obtain the economic capitals and catch better salary-paid opportunity independently, but also weakens returning women’s professional status obtains and their economic empowerment. Therefore, revitalizing the industrial development in rural areas to absorb more women employment, while improving employment training for rural women’s employment and strengthening the institutional security of women’s employment is an important way to promote the economic power and family status of returning rural women.

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