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Comparisons of Dyadic Leadership during Navigation

Authors: Crystal Bae*, UC Santa Barbara, Daniel Montello, UC Santa Barbara
Topics: Behavioral Geography, Environmental Perception, Communication
Keywords: spatial cognition, leadership, social interaction, microanalysis
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

We present work comparing social role-taking, such as leadership versus collaboration, in pairs of participants working together to plan and execute a route in a novel environment. Few existing studies focus primarily on social aspects of navigation behavior, as much prior work involves individual wayfinders. We investigate properties of both prospective route planning and situated navigation by pairs of people (dyads) in an unfamiliar, real-world environment. In this new work, we compare dyads with prior social relationships (friends) with dyads who have no prior relationships (strangers) during wayfinding. This empirical study assesses various aspects of social interaction and wayfinding that contribute to successful navigation in pairs, including map-environment correspondence, decision-making under uncertainty, and establishing and maintaining leadership. The navigation scenario lends itself well to examinations of social decision-making, especially because it relies heavily on the ‘common ground’ of shared spatial representations.

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