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The dynamics of hardship and social mobility in England, 1997-2016

Authors: Justin Van Dijk*, University College London, Tian Lan, University College London, Paul A. Longley, University College London
Topics: Population Geography, Quantitative Methods, Geographic Information Science and Systems
Keywords: Hardship, Index of Multiple Deprivation, Left Behind Areas, Social Mobility
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


This paper uses a unique digital corpus of linked individual and household level consumer registers compiled by the UK Consumer Data Research Centre, comprising c. 150 million address records pertaining to the entire UK adult population over the period 1997-2016. These Linked Consumer Registers (LCR) are analysed in order to examine the associations between the residential moves of c. 70 million adults and changed quality of residential environments as measured using English Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD). Particular focus is on the individual and household characteristics of those moving into and out of the 206 wards in England that have recently been identified as ‘Left Behind Areas’. These places, predominantly concentrated in large conurbations and post-industrial cities, are home to a population that is characterised by higher rates of unemployment and child poverty, as well as lower rates of residential mobility than otherwise similarly deprived areas or the country as a whole. Our highly disaggregate and scale free analysis makes possible highly granular origin – destination analysis of residential mobility outcomes, and allows us to contrast IMD scores of movers’ origin locations with those of their destinations. Household characteristics are analysed, as are intra- and inter-regional patterning of outcomes.

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