Authors: Jean-Baptiste Fretigny*, Universite de Cergy-Pontoise
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Social Geography, Planning Geography
Keywords: Mobilities, Climate justice, Climate action planning, Urban policies
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Mobilities are one of the most prominent contributors to climate change. Therefore transport-related issues play a key role in climate action planning. In this paper, through the example of mobilities, I will argue that doubt can be cast on the effectiveness of such policies because of their lack of attention to (in)justices at stake and to their various spatial and social dimensions. The paper focuses on such actions in France, where the major ‘yellow vests’ movement has shown the social and political sensitivity to both climate action and injustices. A content analysis of documents related to climate action planning as well as interviews with institutional actors have been carried out regarding four urban territories, considered as pioneer regarding climate action planning on mobilities and particularly differentiated in terms of territorial context.
The paper shows that (in)justices are often overlooked in current climate action planning of mobilities in France and questions this recurring invisibility and the ways by which (in)justices are at play. It stresses the enduring role of sectorization in policy-making, uncoupling environmental, transportation-related as well as economic and fiscal policies from social questions. The emphasis given to technological innovation and infrastructures in climate action planning, at the expense of cultural change, also contributes to a race, gender, class, etc. blindness in these policies at multiple scales. The role conferred to companies as a driver of change is also particularly ambivalent. Finally, if spatial injustices get a certain attention, they are often conceived in stereotypical and sometimes counterproductive ways.