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Evolution and coevolution of dynamic spatial inequality toward a theoretical framework

Authors: Sam Ock Park*, Seoul National Univ, Mihye Park, Seoul National University
Topics: Economic Geography, Business Geography, Development
Keywords: dynamic spatial inequality, evolution and coevolution, intra-regional and interregional
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The purpose of this study is to develop a theoretical framework of evolution and coevolution of dynamic spatial inequality over time. Various spatial scales such as intra-regional and inter-regional as well as intra-national and international are considered in the evolution and coevolution processes of spatial inequality. The progress of globalization and information society has been foreseen to contribute to decreasing global inequality. However, the inequality has shown fluctuations and dynamics at the various level of spatial scales in the contemporary global economy. Inequality of intra-regional and inter-regional at the national boundary has shown diverse patterns by country. Especially, the progress of the global knowledge-based economy during the last two decades has consequences of the dynamics of inequality at various spatial scales.
Technological development throughout the world economic history from agricultural revolution to the fourth industrial revolution has been the most significant factor for the dynamics of the spatial inequality. Specifically, the development of industrial systems and innovation systems with relation to the technological development has been critical to breed dynamics of spatial inequality. The spatial inequality is, however, so complex and coevolves with institution, individuals, and societal factors such as government policies, local culture, formal and informal knowledge networks, population aging, unemployment, etc. Personality or character at the individual level and strategic behavior and management strategies for knowledge exploitation and exploration at the firm level will be examined in the dynamics of spatial inequality. Some examples of dynamic spatial inequality in the contemporary society will also be discussed.

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