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Demographic and socio-economic factors associated with childhood diseases and under-five mortality in Benue State, Nigeria

Authors: Rhoda Mundi*, University of Abuja, Nigeria., Biyaya Beatrice Nwankwo, University of Abuja, Nigeria, Stephen Yohanna, Bingham University, Karu, Nigeria, Samuel Panse Dakyes, University of Abuja, Nigeria, Sunday Ishaya, University of Abuja, Nigeria, Mercy Ovaioza Adenyuma, University of Abuja
Topics: Medical and Health Geography, Population Geography, Geography and Urban Health
Keywords: Demographic, Socio-economic, Childhood diseases, Under-five Mortality, Nigeria
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Available data show that children die from major diseases such as malaria, diarrhea, respiratory diseases, particularly pneumonia and AIDS. Data from Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (2013) show variation in under-five mortality between the various northern and Southern geo-political zones ranging from 185 deaths/ 1000 live birth in the North West to 90 deaths/1000 live births in the South West. This study analyzed the demographic and socio-economic factors associated with childhood diseases and under-five mortality in Benue State, north central Nigeria. Data were collected from hospital visits of children aged 0-5 years for a period of 10 years (2007-2016). The results show malaria and other forms of fevers, pertussis, diarrhea and neonatal sepsis as the most common childhood diseases in the study area while malaria fever, neonatal sepsis and pneumonia were the major causes of death among under-fives. There were variations in childhood mortality as influenced by the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of parents.

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