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Governing bodies and the environment: A political ecology analysis of agroecology practice in Rosario, Argentina

Authors: Colleen Hammelman*, University of North Carolina - Charlotte, Elizabeth Shoffner, University of Washington
Topics: Food Systems, South America, Environment
Keywords: Agroecology, Argentina, Territoriality, Embodiment
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2020
Start / End Time: 10:15 AM / 11:30 AM
Room: Virtual Track 8
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Rosario, Argentina, a city of more than one million people strategically located on the Paraná River in the heart of a fertile agricultural region, is home to one of the country’s large ports through which grains produced on industrial farms are transported for consumption in Argentina and beyond. The city is also the site of thriving municipal programs seeking to change food production and consumption outcomes through urban and peri-urban agriculture projects rooted in agroecology. Relying on formal and informal interviews with 30 stakeholders in government, civil society, and agricultural production, this paper describes the integrated approach to environmental, social, and economic sustainability embedded in Rosario’s agroecology initiatives. Utilizing political ecology frameworks to examine these programs, this paper highlights the dual pressures faced by the programs as they pursue territorial strategies to protect land from the physical growth of industry and the city, and environmental strategies to protect producers, consumers, and the environment from agro-toxins. Intersecting these government initiatives is the embodied labor provided by marginalized producers and made visible through central city markets. This paper contributes to literature in food geographies and sustainable development through examining environmental, economic, and social outcomes of long-standing agroecological approaches to urban and peri-urban agriculture in Rosario.

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