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Maritime Shipments of Cocaine in the Pacific and Caribbean Ocean

Authors: Ulrich Piepke*, University of Alabama, Nicholas Magliocca, University of Alabama, Diana Dolliver, University of Alabama
Topics: Temporal GIS
Keywords: Illicit Supply Network, Narco-Trafficking, Crime, Illicit Geography
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Narcotics trafficking in Central America has been able to adapt to the counter-narcotics forces active in the region. In fiscal year 2015, Joint Interagency Task Force South (JIATF-S) was able to prevent 192 metric tons of cocaine from reaching the United States. According to JIATF-S, in 2015 shipments of cocaine were estimated to total 1749 metric tons. JIATF-S is increasing the number of seizures performed every year, while the number of shipments as well as the amount trafficked is increasing. Despite this information, little is known about how these shipments have adapted to increased interdiction efforts. By analyzing the changes in the sizes and frequencies of primary movements, as well as their destinations, in response to counter-narcotics interdiction, we can learn of the methods with which traffickers adapt. This study will use information on the maritime shipments of cocaine through the Caribbean and Pacific oceans into Central America, as well as information on the interdiction events related to these. Understanding the consequences of interdiction, can help guide future policy implementations to ensure that they are not exacerbating the problem.

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