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Valuing skills in skilled migration – sending country perspective

Authors: Gunjan Sondhi*, , Parvati Raghuram, The Open University
Topics: Migration
Keywords: Gender, migration, highly skilled, India
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The political economic value of labour is produced over time and space, through changing as well as prevailing definitions of skills. These definitions attach value to the skills of people from particular places through gendered and racialised labour market segmentation of labour. Within skilled migration, this discussion of value is often focused on the receiving states and the demands of the labour market within the receiving country. However, the sites in which these skills are developed – often the sending country - also have definitions and valuations of those skills. These valuations vary within the context and structures of the sending country which shapes the interventions aimed at influencing and governing labour migration out flows. Using the example of two types of skilled mobility streams from India: Health and IT, the paper shows how the migration governance structures of sending countries are a result of negotiations across scales of national government, trade and professional bodies such as NASSCOM, national labour market demands, and the gendered characteristics of the sector.

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