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Patterns and determinants of immigrant-native segregation in Europe

Authors: Szymon Marcinczak*, University of Lodz
Topics: Urban Geography, Ethnicity and Race, Immigration/Transnationalism
Keywords: segregation, integration, immigrants, cities, Europe
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2020
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:15 AM
Room: Virtual Track 8
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The issue of immigrant-native integration and segregation in Europe has been extensively investigated for the last 30 years, and several studies compared the intensity of immigrant residential segregation across cities in Europe. Unfortunately, virtually all of the comparative studies are limited to major cities and rely on the data aggregated for administrative/statistical units of different population and territorial size. The existing comparative studies on segregation in Europe also leave the effect of urban structure on segregation intensity largely unexplored. With this in mind, the aim of this paper is to investigate the multiscalar patterns of immigrant residential segregation in urban Europe, and to illuminate the relationship between national contexts (welfare systems, integration regimes, etc.), ‘ecological’ factors and the intensity of immigrant-native segregation. We use the spatially weighted index of dissimilarity to measure the levels of immigrant-native segregation at different geographical scales - circular bespoke neighborhoods with different radii: 300 meters, 500 meters, 1000 meters, and 2000 meters - in 102 cities from Germany, Spain, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom in 2011. Importantly, our study also appears to be the first robust analysis of the link between ecological factors (urban structure characteristics) and segregation intensity outside the U.S. context. The most important finding of our work is that structural-ecological factors are significant predictors of segregation patterns and that, surprisingly, the effects of institutional/national contexts on the intensity of immigrant-native segregation in Europe depend on the geographical scale.

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