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The effect of a new Bus Rapid Transit service on the business landscape near stations in Reno-Sparks, Nevada

Authors: Eric Nielsen*, University of Nevada, Reno
Topics: Land Use and Land Cover Change, Transportation Geography
Keywords: Transportation Geography, Economic Geography, Planning Geography, Bus Rapid Transit, Economic development, Business landscape
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

New transit projects are designed to increase accessibility for residents and enhance access to economic opportunity. These projects also have a number of known impacts on the areas adjacent to transit stops. However, it is less clear to what extent this is the case for Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) projects in mid-sized cities in the United States. The Regional Transportation Commission for Washoe County in Reno, Nevada recently implemented a BRT service along a three-mile corridor between Reno and Sparks. This study, then, explores how the implementation of the new BRT service influenced the types and number of businesses in the near stops over a seven-year period. This study also considers the types of businesses that chose to locate within one-quarter or one-half mile service areas near transit stops and to what extent they are comprised of local businesses, as the area is currently attracting new high-tech companies as part of its changing economic landscape. This research also considers how their relative prevalence changed from before the BRT project to its completion. These findings help illustrate how cities and planning agencies can consider how the introduction of new transit projects may influence the business landscape of the area of where the transit project is introduced.

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