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Promoting urbanization development under the background of rural migration in China

Authors: Yuanzhi GUO*, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS
Topics: Population Geography
Keywords: population movement, urban-rural relationship, hukou system, new-type urbanization, rural revitalization
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Currently, China is in the middle to late stage of urbanization development, population migrating from rural to urban areas is still huge. Therefore, it is urgent and necessary to fully understand the relationship between urbanization development and rural migration, thus promoting the sustainable development of urbanization. Based on the data of population census in 2000 and 2010, this study examined the spatial patterns of the average annual growth rate of the ratio of rural migration (GRM) and urbanization rate (GRU), as well as their coupling coordination degree (CDD), and analyzed their mechanisms. Results showed that urbanization development and rural migration from 1978 to 2017 could be divided into the three stages, i.e. recovery and development stage, stable and rapid development stage, and stage of promoting the citizenization of agricultural transfer population. Counties with a GRM in the interval of (0.00%, 5.00%] showed a spatial pattern of ubiquitous distribution, while there were spatial regional differences in the GRU of residential population (GUR) and hukou-registered population (GUH). Since urbanization development and rural migration were two synergistic processes, their CCDs in most counties were greater than 0.50. But they also showed significant spatial heterogeneity because of the gaps in social and economic development, spatial distance and policy system. There were also notable differences in the CCDs between GRM and GUR, as well as that between GRM and GUH due to the dual division of hukou system.

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