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Potential and limits to the development of wind farms in Europe (France and Germany)

Authors: Michel Deshaies*, Université de Lorraine
Topics: Energy, Environmental Perception, Europe
Keywords: Wind energy, potential, constraints, energy transition, Europe
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The development of renewable energies, especially of wind farms in many European countries, has been very uneven. Some regions with favorable conditions have seen wind farms multiplying, while many other regions are still completely destitute. However, the energy transition requires a significant increase in the production capacity of renewable energies in new territories. France and Germany are interesting areas for assessing the constraints to the development of wind power. In these countries the distribution of wind farms is very uneven, with more than two thirds concentrated in a very limited number of areas. In many areas landscape characteristics and the low environmental stakes are the main factors explaining the concentration of wind farms in these spaces. The objectives of the energy transition laws, which aim a strong increase in wind power generation in 2050, make it necessary to deploy the wind power in new spaces with much more constraints. The communication will present these constraints through the analysis of conflicts and numerous public inquiry reports for new wind projects. It will show that the spaces that can accommodate new wind farms are actually quite few; which will make it difficult to achieve the objectives of a strong increase in wind power generation.

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