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Sparsely populated areas in the semi-arid region of Brazil: territorial impacts from the São Francisco river’s transposition

Authors: Raimundo Nonato*, UFRN, Lucas Rodrigues*, UFRN, Julia Oliveira, UFRN, Rodrigo Freitas Amorim, UFRN, Lorene Barbosa Brasil, UFRN
Topics: Rural Geography, Population Geography, Environment
Keywords: Water transfer, Land planning, Brazil, Regional Geography
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The sparsely populated areas in Brazil are spready in different environmental regions. The arid area in the northeast region countryside offer an extreme environment to life. Hence, it has large areas that presents low density in a dry landscape. Recently, the São Francisco river’s water transfer has changed the territorial approaches, increasing environmental challenges and changing the dynamic of people, cities and four different states: Pernambuco, Paraíba, Ceará e Rio Grande do Norte. (BRASIL, 2017). The “Projeto de Integração do Rio São Francisco (PISF)” is the main project inside the Brazilian National Politics for water resources, started since 2007. The main goal of this project is reverse the severe water problems in the Brazilian semi-arid region: the drought. Three categories are analyzed in this paper: territorial planning, material structures and environmental changes in the impacted states. In summary, the results show that the São Francisco River’s transposition is a main challenge to territorial arrangements in the Brazilian northeast, spatially water and land management, drawn from regional scales.

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