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The same drylands landscape in different times: the sparsely populated areas in the Brazilian Sertão

Authors: Rodrigo Amorim*, Federal University of Brazil - UFRN, Raimundo Nonato JĂșnior, UFRN
Topics: Rural Geography, Population Geography, Environment
Keywords: Sparsely populated areas, Drylands, landscape
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Survival in semi-arid environments is always very difficult, where lack of water resources is the major problem to be faced. Looking at the semiarid area of the western region of Rio Grande do Norte State, in Brazil, these issues can be highlighted. It is observed that the problem is not only lack of water, but the way resources are used. Currently, rural areas are sparsely populated due to dry environment. The methodology for conducting the research is based on the geographical analysis of the landscape, using census data and fieldwork with interviews in rural areas. In this work, we observed that the lack of technology was the main problem for the abandonment of rural areas by the population, looking for access to basic services such as education and health, only found in urban areas. In the last ten years the rural areas have had a new dynamics of land use, with the breeding of environmentally adaptations and management practices. The population disposed in the territory is mostly urban, although sparsely distributed in the territory.

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