Runnability: a rough index using an affordance-based framework

Authors: Aateka Shashank*, Simon Fraser University, Nadine Schuurman, Simon Fraser University, Russell Copley, University of Calgary, Scott Lear, Simon Fraser University
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Environmental Perception, Geography and Urban Health
Keywords: runnability, affordances, GIS, built environment, physical activity
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2020
Start / End Time: 11:50 AM / 1:05 PM
Room: Governors Square 16, Sheraton, Concourse Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Research on the role of the built environment in promoting physical activity has focused on pedestrians and cyclists, leaving a gap in the literature on how the built environment can facilitate running (Bodin & Hartig, 2003; Breuer, Hallmann, & Wicker, 2011; Cook, Shaw, & Simpson, 2016; Deelen, Janssen, Vos, Kamphuis, & Ettema, 2019; Ettema, 2016). This gap has meant that runnability studies have relied on findings and methods from the walkability literature. However, the needs of these two groups - walkers and runners – are different and must accordingly be reflected in the variables used to measure runnability (Ettema, 2016). The Rough Runnability Index (RRI) proposed here demonstrates features of the built environment that provide affordances to runners. These features are different from the ones typically quantified in walkability indices thereby highlighting the different needs and objectives of walkers and runners. This paper outlines the creation of a rough runnability index using an affordance-based framework

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