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100% Organic by 2020: Explorations into Bhutan’s prophetic pickle

Authors: Mai Kobayashi*, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Rekha Chhetri, College of Natural Resources, Royal University of Bhutan
Topics: Agricultural Geography, Human-Environment Geography, Asia
Keywords: Organic, imaginary, Bhutan, production and consumption
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


While many still refer to Bhutan as being largely organic by default, the national government of Bhutan has been struggling to promote organic agriculture both on the ground, as well as a way to meet its goals to be environmentally conscious, and a way to market its image since its profession by the Prime minister, in 2007, to become fully organic by 2020. This novel, top-down, yet underfunded initiative to influence agricultural development was met by criticism, skepticism and cautious optimism that can only justify the initiative by packaging it into green development logics. How are such initiatives being reflected on the ground in how farmers adapt and resist market-oriented capitalist imaginaries surrounding both production and consumption practices. This paper looks at the context within which such national efforts are being negotiated at the household and community levels as Bhutan faces the 2020 marker.

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