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A Spatial Analysis of China's Urban Land Supply, 1998-2018

Authors: Xiaozhong Sun*, Cornell University
Topics: Land Use, Spatial Analysis & Modeling, China
Keywords: Urban Land Development, Land Supply, Land Market, Local Government, Economic Growth, Spatial Dependence
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Drawing upon a panel dataset on China's state‚Äźowned urban land supply at the prefecture-level, this paper adopts the spatial panel data model to investigate the existence of spatial dependence in the mechanisms behind China's urban land expansion from 1998 to 2018. There are mainly two objectives for this research. The first one is modeling the factors influence the urban land supply during the economic transition period in China. In particular, geographic and market forces will be control variables while this study will look specifically into how institutional forces such as fiscal incentives and planning regulations influence the urban land supply. The second one is to identify the source of spatial dependence in the urban land supply. Existing studies identify the source of spatial dependence in the urban land supply comes from strategic imitation among neighboring localities while this study argues that it mainly comes from the spatial spillovers of agglomeration economies. Through studying these two questions, this study will provide policy insights on how to use land planning as a macro-control tool more efficiently for promoting local sustainable development during the economic transition period in China.

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