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Climate Change Adaptation and Sustainable Health in Some Selected States in North Western Nigeria

Authors: Usman Kibon*, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Geography and Urban Health, Spatial Analysis & Modeling
Keywords: Climate change, Health, Adaptation, Impacts, Temperature, Rainfall
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

It is widely believed that human life depends to a large extent on the situation of the environment. However, the stresses of the climate change are already impacting on our immediate and remote environment as a whole and these changes are mainly associated with variations in some weather elements such as temperature and rainfall, This paper aims to examine the various impacts of climate change on the health of people living in urban centres in northwestern Nigeria and possible adaptation measures to be adopted. Data for the study was obtained from metrological stations across the study area and hospitals in Kano, Kaduna and Kebbi states. Geographic Information Systems was used for the data analysis using ArcGIS. The results indicated that a number of climate and environmental associated health problems such as malaria, diarrhea, malnutrition, infectious diseases, meningitis, typhoid and some respiratory diseases have been reported in various parts of the study area. The results further showed adaptation measures such as community enlightenment, participation and early warning system on issues related to climate change are indispensable in managing climate change induced health problems. In view of the social, economic, and environmental menace resulting from climate variability, this study becomes useful to policy makers and other stakeholders to develop new methodologies and priorities for adaptation. The paper also suggests building interdisciplinary research and implementation strategies for managing climate change problems in Nigeria.

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