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A methodological framework to assess Indigenous Food Security in the Canadian High Arctic

Authors: Julia Hillin*, Texas A&M University, Julie Loisel, Texas A&M University, Courtney Thompson , Texas A&M University
Topics: Indigenous Peoples, Food Systems, Canada
Keywords: Arctic, Indigenous people, food security, food sovereignty, food security index, policy, climate change
Session Type: Poster
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The Arctic is estimated to be warming twice as fast as the rest of the globe, resulting in drastic impacts on local populations. Indigenous people rely on subsistence activities for a large portion of their diet, and these changes are impacting access to their traditional food sources, reducing their food security, and influencing their safety and ancestral lifestyle. Many studies have been conducted on specific aspects of food security, such as the state of traditional food sources or economic barriers, but no studies, to our knowledge, have attempted to quantify food insecurity or integrate these different types of information. Our study endeavors to perform an in-depth analysis of food security through (1) a comprehensive review of the existing literature and, (2) the development of a food security model to be used in conjunction with data, surveys, and interviews. These steps will allow us to rescue, synthesize, and share the otherwise disparate information available on food security. Ultimately, our goal is to create a holistic food security index that can be applied at the Arctic scale but can also fit local contexts and circumstances. Our approach is unique in that the model will be informed by both “top-down” scientific findings and general policy contexts, and “bottom-up” specific traditional knowledge. The ultimate outcome will be to provide policy-makers with a tool to help identify significant barriers, develop solutions to said barriers, and help local communities become more resilient. Lastly, the project will make knowledge gaps more apparent and help guide future research.

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