Authors: Jaromír Beneš*, University of South Bohemia
Topics: Historical Geography, Europe, Anthropocene
Keywords: Europe, Holocene, medieval, human occupation, erosion, pluzina system
Session Type: Paper
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The setting of human occupation by altitude is typical phenomenon of Central European mountainous landscape. Blanice river drainage area in Šumava mountain, Czech Republic was permanently occupied by agriculturalists in higher altitude (ca. 600 m asl.) since the high medieval period (ca. after 1200 AD) as documented by extensive archaeological research. Main anthropic geomorphological feature of medieval occupation is the extensive system of agricultural terraces (Pluzinas) still existing here. NSF project Soil Erosion, Floodplain Sedimentation, and Agricultural Sustainability over Centennial Timescales in Czech Plužina Landscapes aims on fundamental question of relationship between human occupation and sedimentary record. Several cores made in the mountain alluvial floodplain recorded changes in vegetation, reflected in pollen, botanical macroremains and Holocene sedimentary record. Acquired data, supported by radiocarbon dating, shows very low rate of soil erosion and strong protective function of the medieval landscape, still organised in Pluzinas system.