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Examining intersectionality to inform development projects for climate justice across three fisheries communities in the Philippines

Authors: Dawn Kotowicz*,
Topics: Cultural and Political Ecology, Coastal and Marine, Global Change
Keywords: Fisheries, Climate Justice, Philippines, Intersectionality
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Individuals living in fishing communities in the Philippines are among those on the front lines of climate change. Experiencing changes in marine resource abundance, seasonality, and weather, these individuals recognize the need for development programs to integrate climate into any development program. Historically, however, programs have been designed to address the needs as expressed by the most vocal within development communities, usually older males with greater access to resources in general. A survey was conducted to collect fishing engagement, climate perceptions and behaviors related to both fisheries and climate experienced by individuals living in communities connected to three MKBA sites in the Philippines – Visayan Sea, South Negros, and Calamianes Island Group. This paper utilizes intersectional analyses to identify differential impacts and challenges for women, female youth, and male youth. Results indicate differential needs and priorities of these often-overlooked groups within coastal communities across three project sites in the Philippines. Women and youth would benefit from increased access to decision-making, especially regarding the resources that they utilize most often since this is where climate impacts are likely to be overlooked, thereby putting these sectors of the population at greater risk of climate vulnerability. The paper concludes with recommended strategies for incorporating intersectionality in survey design and analysis, and for addressing issues of climate justice in development projects in fishing communities, more generally.

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