Estimation of Vehicle Emission Inventory in Thulamela municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Authors: IBIRONKE Titilayo ENITAN*, Department of Ecology and Resource Management School of Environmental Sciences, University of Venda, Private Bag X5050, Thohoyandou 0950, John Odiyo, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, 3School of Environmental Sciences, University of Venda, Private Bag X5050, Thohoyandou 0950, Limpopo Province, South Africa, Joshua Nosh Edokpayi, Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, 3School of Environmental Sciences, University of Venda, Private Bag X5050, Thohoyandou 0950, Limpopo Province, South Africa
Topics: Environmental Science, Environment
Keywords: Emission inventory, Vehicle emission, Air quality, Vehicle kilometers traveled
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/6/2020
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:20 PM
Room: Governors Square 12, Sheraton, Concourse Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Air pollution is becoming an alarming environmental issue across the world and several studies have shown that air quality is deteriorating due to the emission of pollutants from different anthropogenic activities. Emission from vehicles are recognised as a significant source of pollution in the atmosphere. The study is aimed at the estimation of vehicle emission inventory within Thulamela Municipality, Vhembe District, South Africa. The vehicle emission for Thulamela municipality was estimated using the bottom-up approach which combines the vehicle activity data (VKT) and vehicle emission factor for different vehicle types for 2018. Vehicle-Based Method Vehicle kilometers traveled (VBM-VKT) is a useful measure to quantify the vehicular emission impact on air quality. The VKT for vehicles in this study is based on odometer reading data obtained from individual car owners and registered vehicle population from the National Traffic Information System (eNATIS). Approximately about 36,917 vehicles were registered in 2018. The average annual kilometer car traveled for the year 2018 was found to be …. kilometers. In the year 2018, the emission of CO, CO2, NOx, SO2, PM2.5, and PM10 were estimated respectively.

KEYWORDS: Emission inventory, Vehicle emission, Air quality, Vehicle kilometers traveled

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