Authors: Lorene Brasil*, UFRN, Lucas Costa Rodrigues, UFRN, Raimundo Nonato, UFRN, Deusimar Brasil, UFRN, Júlia Oliveira, UFRN
Topics: Rural Geography, Population Geography, Environment
Keywords: sparsely populated areas, Brazilian Semiarid, ethnoagriculture
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
Caatinga do Brasil has sparsely populated áreas with low demographic density and population diversity with ethnic and racial traits that bring diverse cultural trajectories. In this context, “fundos de pasto” consist of hundreds of communities, including quilombolas, indigenous or family farmers who were born and grew in these locations, taking care of plantations or raising animals, generally goats, sheep and cattle, being considered by official organs of Brazil as traditional populations. Continuing against the production systems supported by the Brazilian government, which has models based on private property of land, large estates and export monoculture, “fundos de pasto” are characterized by community use of land and of its resources. In this sense, we conducted a case study in the Aroeira quilombola community, located in the municipality of Pedro Avelino, in the Potiguar Central Mesoregion of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, distant 160 km from the capital Natal, with an area of 530.8 hectares, where about 40 families live, perform livestock activity contextualized in the “fundos de pasto” format. The objective of this paper is to elucidate the importance of “fundos de past”o against the individualistic forms of land occupation, contributing to community strengthening. Aroeira originated in the XIX century, when some families began the occupation of this locality. In 2006, it was included in the registry of the Palmares Cultural Foundation, which issued certification recognizing that the population and the area are related to former quilombos, enabling the land regularization process next to INCRA.