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The internal and external socio-economic interaction of the population in Musandam Governorate, Sultanate of Oman: The life in a political geographical exclave

Authors: Montasser Abdelghani*, Sultan Qaboos University
Topics: Asia
Keywords:
Session Type: Paper
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Musandam Governorate is considered as one of the most important Omani border provinces. It
represents the northern entrance to the state, a pivotal link area with the neighboring countries-
the United Arab Emirates and Iran-, and it locates on the Strait of Hormuz. That strait is a vital
marine road for the international energy trade where 20 per cent of the world’s oil needs is
exported through. The Governorate is characterized by a unique geographical location where it is
completely separated from the mainland of the country (other Omani Governorates) as a
geographical exclave. This location impacts the kind and the degree of Musandam population’s
mobility and relationships.

The study aims to investigate the socio-economic interactions and relations of Musandam’s
population with the mainland and with the neighboring countries at the same time. This research
locates in the discipline of social geography, which focuses on analyzing the behavioral attitudes
of the population within its geographical context. The theory of geographical enclaves and
exclaves and its multiple contents is considered as theoretical framework for the study. The
research based on quantitative and qualitative methods as well citizens science approach. One of
aims of the study is to identify the factors impacting human life in the border area. Having this
knowledge will help on the scientific, academic, and applied levels.

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