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Community based adaptation strategies in central region of Nepal

Authors: Madhav Giri*, Tribhuvan University
Topics: Environmental Science, Asia
Keywords: Climate change, adaptation, community, Nepal
Session Type: Poster
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The study comprises of Devchuli municipality in Nawalparasi. The study used the descriptive research design, which includes both primary and secondary data collection. Survey questionnaires were formulated to collect data from 100 households. Others primary data were collected through interviews with key informants and focus group discussions. The secondary data were collected from Department of Hydrology and Meteorology for 49 years (1968 to 2016) for precipitation and 37 years (1980 to 2016) for temperature. The basic findings of the study show that there was warming trend of temperature during the recent decades. The precipitation was also increasing and dominated by monsoon season while winter was found as driest season. The rainy days were decreasing in trend, shortening rainfall duration. Farmers live in areas most at risk to floods and landslides, are more dependent on local natural resources and would therefore suffer most from the drying up of local water resources. Even small changes in rainfall patterns can have devastating consequences on their crops. Their vulnerability is further compounded by geographic isolation poorly served by roads and other infrastructure, often isolated by landslides and floods. Studies based on the livelihood of these vulnerable communities will help to draw the attention of the government and development agencies to this issue.

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