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The influence of industrial upgrading on the employment structure adaptation of floating population

Authors: Huali Xiang*, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Youye Zhang, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wu Wang, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Chenjin Sun, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law
Topics: China, Economic Geography, Migration
Keywords: Industrial structure; Employment structure; Floating population; Space effect
Session Type: Poster
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


In order to achieve high-quality and low-carbon economic development, the optimization and upgrading of the industrial structure have increasingly become the focus of the Chinese government's work in recent years. The floating population (migrants) with low education level and labor skills, they are in a disadvantaged position when facing industrial upgrading. In this context, it is urgent to study the impact of industrial upgrading on the employment structure adaptation of the migrants. Based on data from China Migrants Dynamic Survey (CMDS) and China City Statistical Yearbook 2011-2016, this paper uses a spatial panel model analysis method to quantitatively analyze the impact. The results show that the upgrading of the industrial structure has a positive effect on the adaptation of the employment structure of the migrants. For each 1% increase in the proportion of tertiary industry output value in total GDP, the proportion of the migrants in the tertiary industry will increase by 0.8%. The proportion of tertiary industry output value in total GDP increased by 1%, and the employment share of migrants in the emerging service industry increased by only 0.2%. Therefore, Industrial upgrading makes migrants more employed in traditional service industries. In addition, the upgrading of the employment structure of the migrants caused by the rise in the level of the industrial structure has a significant spatial effect. When the level of the industrial structure around the region rises, it will have a negative impact on the upgrade of the employment structure of the migrants in the region.

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