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Martyrs of Economic Warfare: The Gendered Impact of Economic Sanctions in Iran

Authors: Meraal Hakeem*, University of Texas - Austin
Topics: Gender, Economic Geography, Middle East
Keywords: feminist geography, economics, sanctions, Middle East, Iran, US, gender, international relations, global studies
Session Type: Poster
Presentation File: Download

While it has been widely accepted that strides towards advancing women’s rights is directly correlated to increased economic prosperity, good governance, and social equality on a global scale, there has been limited to no research on the gendered implications of foreign policy economic tools, specifically economic sanctions. The central question I propose is how and why do women suffer disproportionately more than other populations under sanctions implemented under the same regimes? Furthermore, why has this phenomenon been predominantly ignored in literature regarding economic sanctions? By examining sanctions through a gendered perspective and drawing conclusions from feminist International Relations literature, this article examines the case of US-backed sanctions against Iran, unraveling the deeply gendered impacts of sanctions, ranging from differential wealth deprivations to an increase of obstacles facing women’s movements. Overall, this research fills in the gaps in the literature on economic sanctions and critical development studies by connecting the effects of women’s well-being and development, specifically in Iran, and contribute to the on-going conversation on how to unravel the problem of ongoing sanctions and feminist movements.

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