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A Space-Time Job Accessibility Analysis for Investigating Occupational Gender Segregation

Authors: Hongbo Yu*, Oklahoma State University, Qinyue Pan, Oklahoma State University
Topics: Spatial Analysis & Modeling, Urban Geography, Applied Geography
Keywords: Accessibility analysis, time geography, equal job opportunity, occupational gender segregation
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/8/2020
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 4:35 PM
Room: Virtual Track 3
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Gender difference in job accessibility presents a challenging issue in today’s society. Women’s minority position in the U.S. workforce is constantly reflected by the gender difference in labor force participation and job distribution in different occupation sectors. While women’s participation in the labor market has improved in the recent decades, occupational gender segregation remains a persistent problem in the United States. Many socio-economic factors have been used to explain women’s disadvantageous status in the job market. In this study, we focus on examining how temporal constraints and job opportunity distribution in a city affect women’s accessibility to jobs in different sectors. A time-geographic approach is proposed to integrate the spatial and temporal constraints faced by people and support a space-time job accessibility analysis for the two genders. The Chicago metropolitan area is used as a case study to implement the proposed methodological approach. The study finds that both tighter temporal constraints and uneven spatial distribution of jobs in different sectors contribute to the occupational gender segregation situation in the city. Also, the gender difference in each representative occupation sector presents a unique spatial pattern across the city, indicating living in a certain part of the city may partially alleviate the constraints imposed on women and promote a leveler ground for women to participate in certain job sectors.

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