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The Kimberley Process and global rough diamond trade

Authors: Sarah E. Bergstresser*, U.S. Geological Survey, Peter G. Chirico, U.S. Geological Survey, Marissa A. Alessi, U.S. Geological Survey
Topics: Cartography, Economic Geography
Keywords: Conflict diamonds, Kimberley Process, geovisualization
Session Type: Poster
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Conflict diamonds, or “blood diamonds”, are rough diamonds that are mined and traded to finance armed conflicts. Conflict diamonds became an issue of significant concern in the late 1990s when, due to their availability, high value, ease of access, transportability, and difficulty to trace, they were used to fund rebel groups in a series of civil wars and conflicts in various parts of Africa. In 2000, the Kimberley Process (KP) was formed to monitor the trade of rough diamonds to ensure they are free of conflict concerns. Currently, the KP is made up of 55 Participants representing 82 diamond producing and trading countries, the diamond industry, and civil society organizations. KP Participants must establish internal controls on their diamond sector and provide production, export, and import statistical data to the KP. By mapping this data, this poster allows for visual analysis of the global rough diamond industry’s spatial distribution over the past 15 years. Geovisualization of KP statistics substantially improves understanding of the international diamond trade by clarifying temporal and geographic trends. It also aids in the identification of potentially significant data anomalies in a manner that is not accomplished by non-spatial statistics and graphs.

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