Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches to Understanding Deforestation Dynamics in the Amazon Basin

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Cultural and Political Ecology Specialty Group, Spatial Analysis and Modeling Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/6/2020
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 5:55 PM
Room: Tower Court A, Sheraton, IM Pei Tower, Second Floor Level
Organizers: Megan Mills-Novoa, Katherine Siegel, Elizabeth Shoffner
Chairs: Megan Mills-Novoa

Call for Submissions



Description

For the second year in a row, deforestation rates have increased by nearly 25% across the Amazon (INPE, 2019). This escalating rate of deforestation reflects a complex set of drivers such as forest fires, an expanding agricultural frontier, global commodity markets, lax regulation, resource privatization, and economic marginalization (Hecht, 2005; Brannstrom, 2009) in the context of increasingly anti-environmental governance. Rising deforestation is a central site of conflict among forest-dependent communities, smallholder farmers, and large-scale ranchers and agribusinesses, with wide-reaching implications (Nepstad et al., 2009; Gollnow and Lakes, 2014). Critical conservation literature and deforestation studies provide approaches to understanding these processes and dynamics: critical conservation literature understands conservation as a dynamic and contested process (Hecht, 2005; Peluso and Lund, 2011; Brockington, 2008), and deforestation studies focus on the extent, drivers, and dynamics of land use change (Dobrovolski et al. 2011; Barber, 2014; Potapov et al., 2017; Galford et al., 2010). However, there are challenges to the integration of these theoretical and methodological approaches to understanding the drivers and solutions to deforestation in the Amazon and additional qualitative and quantitative research is needed in order to model and interpret the socio-environmental dynamics of forest loss.

To this end, we seek papers which incorporate remote sensing, land use modeling and/or qualitative social science methods to interpret the complexity of deforestation dynamics at multiple scales in the Amazon Basin. We invite scholars from critical conservation studies, political ecology and/or land system science to submit papers that represent a diversity of methodological approaches focusing on deforestation in the Amazon Basin. This session seeks to complicate and enrich conversations on deforestation drivers and solutions through the integration of mixed methods. In doing so, we will highlight the importance of working across diverse approaches to address pressing regional socio-environmental issues.

References:
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and the mitigating effect of protected areas in the Amazon. Biological Conservation 177:203–209.
Brannstrom, C. 2009. South America’s neoliberal agricultural frontiers: places of environmental sacrifice or conservation opportunity. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 38:141–149.
Brockington, D. 2008. Nature unbound: conservation, capitalism and the future of protected areas. London; New York: Earthscan.
Dobrovolski, R., R. D. Loyola, P. D. M. Júnior, and J. A. F. Diniz-Filho. 2011. Agricultural
expansion can menace Brazilian protected areas during the 21st century. Natureza e Conservação 9:208–213.
Galford, G. L., J. Melillo, J. F. Mustard, C. E. P. Cerri, and C. C. Cerri. 2010. The Amazon
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Gollnow, F., and T. Lakes. 2014. Policy change, land use, and agriculture: The case of soy production and cattle ranching in Brazil, 2001-2012. Applied Geography 55:203–211.
Hecht, S.B. 2005. Soybeans, development and conservation on the Amazon frontier.
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National Institute for Space Research (INPE). 2019. PRODES estima 7.989 km2 de
desmatamento por corte raso na Amazonia em 2016. Ministry of Science, Technology,
Innovation and Communication. Accessed on 8/28/19.
http://www.inpe.br/noticias/noticia.php?Cod_Noticia=4344
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Potapov, P., M. C. Hansen, L. Laestadius, S. Turubanova, A. Yaroshenko, C. Thies, W. Smith, I. Zhuravleva, A. Komarova, S. Minnemeyer, & E. Esipova. 2017. The last frontiers of wilderness: Tracking loss of intact forest landscapes from 2000 to 2013. Science Advances 3:e1600821.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Katherine Siegel*, University of California - Berkeley, Meg Mills-Novoa, University of Arizona, Aldo Farah Perez, Florida International University, Eva Kinnebrew, University of Vermont, José Ochoa, University of California-Davis, Elizabeth Shoffner, University of Washington, Synthesizing quantitative and qualitative understandings of deforestation drivers and solutions in protected areas in the Amazon 15 4:40 PM
Presenter Sacha Maruã Ortiz Siani*, Department of Geography at Indiana University, Eduardo Sonnewend Brondizio, Department of Anthropology at Indiana University, From legal rules to working rules? How did monitoring, enforcement, and sanctioning affect Amazonian deforestation? 15 4:55 PM
Presenter Paulo Massoca*, Indiana University, National policies vs. context-specific realities: how diverse municipalities respond to anti-deforestation policies in the Brazilian Amazon? 15 5:10 PM
Presenter James Millington*, King's College London, Ramon Bicudo da Silva, State University of Campinas, Steven Peterson, Dartmouth College, Jeremy Woods, Imperial College London, Mateus Batistella, EMBRAPA, Distant and Diffuse Drivers: Understanding telecoupled land use change in the Brazilian Amazon Basin using simulation modelling 15 5:25 PM
Presenter Chelsie Romulo*, University of Northern Colorado, Michael P Gilmore, George Mason University, Christopher J Kennedy, George Mason University, Christa Horn, San Diego Zoo, Bryan A Endress, Oregon State University, The Mauritia flexuosa market chain of Iquitos, Peru: Description and implications for conservation. 15 5:40 PM

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