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Pan-movements: between nation and globe 1

Type: Paper
Theme: Ethnonationalism and Exclusion Around the World
Sponsor Groups: Historical Geography Specialty Group, Political Geography Specialty Group
Organizers: Benjamin Thorpe, Jake Hodder
Chairs: Benjamin Thorpe


Pan-movements (pan-Slavism, pan-Islamism, pan-Africanism, etc.), which proliferated in the late-19th and early-20th centuries, were a hugely popular genre of political affiliation. They appealed to supranational identities unified by ethnic, religious, geographical or other form of likeness. These movements were marked by their variety: variety in their formalised structures, in the nature of their politics, and in their appeal and reach. Whilst at times pan-movements were imperialistic, supported by various geopolitical theorists (c.f. Haushofer, 1931), they were also vehicles for emancipatory and anti-colonial politics.

Recently, historians and international relations scholars have cast a renewed, critical eye at pan-Asian (Saaler & Szpilman, 2011; Weber, 2018; Roberts, 2018), pan-African (Adi, 2018; Tageldin, 2014), pan-American (Davis, 2018), pan-European (Sorrels, 2016), pan-Islamic (Aydin, 2007), pan-Turanist (Levent, 2016) movements and others. Despite the difficulty in defining their precise shape, these movements were important political-historical forces which prompt us to provincialise taken-for-granted understandings of internationalism.

Pan-movements often explicitly mobilised geographical ideas and knowledge, yet geographers – perhaps cautious of their geopolitical associations – have rarely engaged with pan-movements, and 2020 will mark 30 years since the publication of the exception to this rule: O'Loughlin and van der Wusten’s (1990) article on the “Political Geography of Panregions”.

This session brings together papers which address pan-movements of all origins (geographical, religious, ethnic) and forms (political, cultural, intellectual), in order to better understand what united and what divided these movements, and their relationship to competing geopolitical narratives and identities.


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Sarah Danielsson*, CUNY - Queensborough and the Graduate Center - New York, NY, The Impact of Pan-Nationalism on Nationalism: A Reframing of Nationalism Studies, 1850-2019 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Jake Hodder*, University of Nottingham, Why ‘pan-‘? The appeal and limits of Pan-Africanism in the struggle to remake the interwar world 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Sean Phillips*, University of Oxford, ‘Pan-Pacific’ Echoes: The Past, Present and Future of a Sub-Global Imaginary 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Priscilla Roberts*, City University of Macau, The Asian Relations Conference of 1947: Pan-Asian Ambitions and Limitations 15 12:00 AM
Discussant Benjamin Thorpe University of Nottingham 15 12:00 AM

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