Pan-movements (pan-Slavism, pan-Islamism, pan-Africanism, etc.), which proliferated in the late-19th and early-20th centuries, were a hugely popular genre of political affiliation. They appealed to supranational identities unified by ethnic, religious, geographical or other form of likeness. These movements were marked by their variety: variety in their formalised structures, in the nature of their politics, and in their appeal and reach. Whilst at times pan-movements were imperialistic, supported by various geopolitical theorists (c.f. Haushofer, 1931), they were also vehicles for emancipatory and anti-colonial politics.
Recently, historians and international relations scholars have cast a renewed, critical eye at pan-Asian (Saaler & Szpilman, 2011; Weber, 2018; Roberts, 2018), pan-African (Adi, 2018; Tageldin, 2014), pan-American (Davis, 2018), pan-European (Sorrels, 2016), pan-Islamic (Aydin, 2007), pan-Turanist (Levent, 2016) movements and others. Despite the difficulty in defining their precise shape, these movements were important political-historical forces which prompt us to provincialise taken-for-granted understandings of internationalism.
Pan-movements often explicitly mobilised geographical ideas and knowledge, yet geographers – perhaps cautious of their geopolitical associations – have rarely engaged with pan-movements, and 2020 will mark 30 years since the publication of the exception to this rule: O'Loughlin and van der Wusten’s (1990) article on the “Political Geography of Panregions”.
This session brings together papers which address pan-movements of all origins (geographical, religious, ethnic) and forms (political, cultural, intellectual), in order to better understand what united and what divided these movements, and their relationship to competing geopolitical narratives and identities.
|Presenter||Sophie-Jung Hyun Kim*, Freie Universitaat Berlin, Pan- vs. The World: How Forgotten International Religious Events and Fellowships Conceptualised ‘Asia’ and the ‘World’, c. 1890-1950||15||9:35 AM|
|Presenter||Nihat Celik*, School of Public Affairs San Diego State University, The Resurgence of Pan-Islamism in Turkey and the Varying Perceptions of the Middle East||15||9:50 AM|
|Presenter||Benjamin Thorpe*, University of Nottingham, Pan-movements as a geopolitical genre; or, the acknowledged influences upon Pan-Europe||15||10:05 AM|
|Presenter||Peter Stadius*, University of Helsinki, From pan-Scandinavianism to Nordic cooperation: Logics and strategies of a ‘Nordist’ remake 1890-1930||15||10:20 AM|
|Discussant||Jake Hodder University of Nottingham||15||10:35 AM|
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