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Climate change adaptation in agricultural systems

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Geographies of Food and Agriculture Specialty Group, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters Specialty Group, Rural Geography Specialty Group
Organizers: Asif Ishtiaque, Saleh Ahmed
Chairs: Saleh Ahmed

Description

Organizers: Asif Ishtiaque (University of Michigan) and Saleh Ahmed (Boise State University)

Sponsors: Geographies of Food and Agriculture Specialty Group; Hazards, Risks, and Disasters Specialty Group


Description:

Climate change impacts on agricultural systems have prolonged effects on food security, poverty, and livelihoods (Wheeler & Barun 2013). In the coming decades, farmers will experience a variable amount of yield losses depending on the locations (Long et al. 2006, Müller et al. 2011, Knox et al. 2012), which might force further food insecurity, poverty, and even engender social and political tensions across geographies. Therefore, farm-level adaptations to climate change are increasingly important. Some adaptation strategies are proven useful to negate climate change impacts substantially as they can increase crop production by up to 18% (Deryng et al. 2011, Challinor et al. 2014). In addition to individual initiatives by farmers, the institutional structure, mechanisms, functions need to facilitate the adaptation process in a more equitable manner (Challinor et al. 2014). One of the major challenges of studying adaptation is that it is very much context-dependent, and not a one-size fits all phenomenon. Adaptation actions and the factors that influence them may vary across regions, cultures, and/or agro-ecological zones (Berry et al. 2006, Adger et al. 2009). Agricultural adaptation has been studied for quite some time, yet, despite having numerous efforts to understand farmer’s adaptation, there is a lack of critical insights on how adaptation strategies are shaped by various social, economic, cultural, political, and managerial/institutional factors. Without considering the dynamic linkages and dependencies between climate and society, which can help to understand how institutions can facilitate or create obstacles for farmers’ adaptations, or how socio-cultural determinants promote or prohibit adaptation initiatives, adaptation efforts can cause further vulnerability and marginalization.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Saleh Ahmed*, Boise State University, Complex adaptation landscape in the coastal farming communities in Bangladesh 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Matthew LaFevor*, University of Alabama, Agricultural vulnerability and large-scale adaptation efforts in Mexico 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Peter Garber*, McGill University, Sarah Turner, McGill University, Animal Anxieties in Vietnam’s Uplands: Ethnic minority farmer reactions when facing rapid market integration and extreme weather events 15 12:00 AM
Presenter Kurt Waldman*, Dept of Geography, Stacey Giroux, Indiana University, James Farmer, Indiana University, Bradi Heaberlin, Indiana University, Farmers and the uncertainty of tariffs and extreme weather 15 12:00 AM

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